Sioux Nation Treaty Council - est 1894

A summary of the 1851 and 1868 treaties

The Great Sioux Nation, whose real name is the Oceti Sakowin, is comprised of  seven sub-nations who spoke the Lakota, Dakota, and Nakota language.  The Tituwan sub-nation spoke the Lakota dialect and lived in the western most portion.  The Oceti Sakowin (Great Sioux Nation) occupied a vast land area that covered 24 American states and parts of 4 Canadian Provinces. Other smaller nations also lived within the area as the Indigenous concept of territory followed natural law and was much different than the European concept of territory. The people of the Oceti Sakowin (Great Sioux Nation) originated from the mouth of Wind Cave in the Black Hills.  The Black Hills were so sacred that they were used for ceremonial, prayers, medicinal, and burial purposes only.

Read more: A Summary of the 1851 and 1868 Treaties


Charmaine White Face  Zumila Wobaga

House & Senate Candidates address treaty issues
by Charmaine White Face

The Candidate Forum was held in the Hall at the Mother Butler Center, Rapid City. The Opening Prayer was given by Clifford White Eyes, Sicangu, followed by a prayer song sung by Tim White Face. Charmaine gave a welcome, brief opening remarks, and introduced Antoine Black Feather, Teton Sioux Nation Treaty delegate to the United Nations for the past 22 years. Mr. Black Feather spoke about his work and the current situation with the United States. His remarks were followed by Darrell Drapeau, Ihanktowan Treaty Committee Chairman who spoke about the 1851 Treaty and where they presently stand.

The Candidates were next given the floor to address the audience of about 75 people. Attending were Libertarian candidates: Bob Newland for Senate, and Terry Begay for the House. Benjamin Ready, attended as an aide for Republican House candidate Larry Diedrich and also took notes for Republican Senate candidate John Thune. The Panel members attending were: Darrell Drapeau; Harvey White Woman, Oglala; Shirley Marvin and Faith Taken Alive, Hunkpapa; and Janice Larson, Cul Wicasa. They were given the opportunity to give brief remarks followed by a discussion on various issues in the treaty territory.

This was an historic meeting as the treaty issue is never brought to the table by any of the candidates for the occupying government. The event was taped by Mike Kills Pretty Enemy, KLND Radio, McLaughlin, SD, which covers Standing Rock and Cheyenne River Reservations. It will be broadcast this week. A number of print media writers were also present.

The meeting was followed by a traditional meal of dried buffalo soup, fry bread, and wojapi. A vegetarian bean soup was also available, cookies, cake, coffee, and lemonade. We are very grateful to all the participants, cooks, and others who helped set up and clean up the hall following the event. There were many comments of gratitude and also that it was a very good meeting.

Charmaine White Face



Donations may be sent by check or money order to:
Sioux Nation Treaty Council,
PO Box 2003, Rapid City, SD 57709. 

Or, purchase the book, Indigenous Nations Rights in the Balance, from Living Justice Press and all royalties go to the Treaty Council.  Thank you


Sioux Nation Treaty Council
PO Box 2003
Rapid City
SD 57709  USA


"...CONCLUSION  Various historians has determined that the "Sioux Nation Treaty Council" formally formed in 1894, shortly after the Wounded Knee massacre. The Sioux Nation Treaty Council represents all of the Sioux Tribes (Approx 49 Tribes), and all other Sioux Treaty Councils would be subordinate to it, regardless of the Treaty Council's name...."  See Bielecki Report pages 7 & 8,  Oct. 5, 2008 (Bielecki Report)