Sioux Nation Treaty Council - est 1894

A summary of the 1851 and 1868 treaties

The Great Sioux Nation, whose real name is the Oceti Sakowin, is comprised of  seven sub-nations who spoke the Lakota, Dakota, and Nakota language.  The Tituwan sub-nation spoke the Lakota dialect and lived in the western most portion.  The Oceti Sakowin (Great Sioux Nation) occupied a vast land area that covered 24 American states and parts of 4 Canadian Provinces. Other smaller nations also lived within the area as the Indigenous concept of territory followed natural law and was much different than the European concept of territory. The people of the Oceti Sakowin (Great Sioux Nation) originated from the mouth of Wind Cave in the Black Hills.  The Black Hills were so sacred that they were used for ceremonial, prayers, medicinal, and burial purposes only.

Read more: A Summary of the 1851 and 1868 Treaties


Charmaine White Face  Zumila Wobaga

One of the reasons Defenders was created was to address the destruction of the environment within the Treaty territory. The tribal governments are limited by American law to their reservation (POW camp) boundaries. Defenders is not. As a non-profit environmental organization operating under American law, we are able to help address more issues and help the tribes as well. We are like a megaphone for the tribes.

Secondly, the Teton Sioux Nation Treaty Council represents a nation, not an organization. The good work of Tony Black Feather and Garfield Grass Rope at the United Nations also spawned the idea that when we get the Treaty territory back, either through paperwork, or through the work of the spirits (natural forces), then the environment needs to be as healthy as possible, “hecel lena oyate kinipikte,” so the people can live. Therefore, Defenders has always worked hand in hand with the Treaty Council. The Treaty Council was not created by American law and operates for the survival of a nation, the Great Sioux Nation.


Donations may be sent by check or money order to:
Sioux Nation Treaty Council,
PO Box 2003, Rapid City, SD 57709. 

Or, purchase the book, Indigenous Nations Rights in the Balance, from Living Justice Press and all royalties go to the Treaty Council.  Thank you


Sioux Nation Treaty Council
PO Box 2003
Rapid City
SD 57709  USA


"...CONCLUSION  Various historians has determined that the "Sioux Nation Treaty Council" formally formed in 1894, shortly after the Wounded Knee massacre. The Sioux Nation Treaty Council represents all of the Sioux Tribes (Approx 49 Tribes), and all other Sioux Treaty Councils would be subordinate to it, regardless of the Treaty Council's name...."  See Bielecki Report pages 7 & 8,  Oct. 5, 2008 (Bielecki Report)